Nunavut has only been a Canadian province since 1999 and has an area of approximately 2,093,190 km². Mainly Inuit live in the capital Iqaluit. Iqualui is the gateway to Baffin Island, one of the most remote regions in North America. Here you will find glaciers and unspeakably beautiful fjords. It is a paradise for glacier or trekking excursions and anyone who wants to go on a tour by canoe or kayak has come to the right place. In such an endeavor, it is entirely possible to see a whale or polar bear up close.
Baffin Island is known for the Inuit stonemasonry industry, the center is in Kimmirut.
The Auyuittuq National Park, which is located between Kekertuk and Cape Hooper, is the third largest national park in Canada. It offers extraordinary natural beauty and is home to polar bears, arctic foxes and snow geese.
A popular hiking trail that is easy to negotiate in summer can be found in the 100 kilometer long Pangnirtung Pass, at the southern end of which the small town of the same name is also located.
Nunavut – key data
Area: 2,093,190 sq km, rank 1 of the provinces of Canada (land Area: 1,932,255 sq km, water Area: 160,935 sq km)
Share of water surface: 7.7%
Population: 31,556 residents, ranked 13th in the provinces of Canada (2009, estimate)
Population density: 0.0015 residents per square kilometer (one of the most sparsely populated regions of the earth)
Member of the Confederation: April 1, 1999 (13th member)
Capital and Largest city: Iqaluit (6,184 residents, 2006)
Highest point: 2,616 m, Barbeau Peak
Lowest point: 0 m, Arctic Ocean
Commissioner: Ann Meekitjuk Hanson
Prime Minister: Eva Aariak
Local time: 60 ° W to 85 ° W: CET -7 h. From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November: CET -6 h.
The time difference to Central Europe is -7 hours in both winter and summer.
85 ° W to 102 ° W: CET -8 h. From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November: CET -7 h.
The time difference to Central Europe is -8 hours in both winter and summer.
West 102 ° W: CET – 9 h. From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November: CET -8 h.
The time difference to Central Europe is -9 hours in both winter and summer.
Postal abbreviation: NS
Nunavut – Map and Geography
Nunavut is the youngest administrative unit in Canada and is located in the far north of the country. The territory is bordered by Greenland to the east, Manitoba, Ontario and Québec to the south, and the Northwest Territories to the west. The capital Iqaluit is on the Baffin Island, the largest island in Canada.
Nunavut, which was only founded on April 1, 1999, was part of the neighboring province of Northwest Territories until the Inuit received it as an independent territory. The total area of Nunavut covers more than two million square kilometers and is only inhabited by a good 31,000 people, 90 percent of whom are Inuit. The territory takes up about a fifth of the total land area of Canada. The landscape consists mainly of arctic tundra, huge ice fields and only one road. In addition to the mainland, the Nunavut territory includes almost all of the Arctic islands belonging to Canada, as well as all of the islands of Hudson Bay, James Bay and Ungava Bay.
Most of Nunavut is occupied by tundra. Trees grow only in the inaccessible southwest corner of the territory. The landscape is shaped by the so-called Canadian shield. The province’s coastline is dominated by deep fjords and huge cliffs of gray granite. The arctic islands have a desert-like character, which is due to the minimal amount of rain. A single 21-kilometer road connects Arctic Bay and Nanisivik. The streets within the quite well developed capital Iqaluit are excluded. The arctic landscape of Nunavut is made up of high mountain ranges
, huge rivers, flat tundra up to islands covered with eternal ice in the Arctic Ocean. The highest mountain of Nunavut is the 2,616 meter high Barbeau Peak in the north of Ellesmere Island. The bare peaks of the individually standing mountains rise suddenly from the endless, flat ice surfaces.
Nunavut has some interesting sights.
In Chesterfiel Inlet you can learn a lot about the history of Nunavut’s oldest congregation and also something about the Catholic proselytizing in the north native people Experienced.
The Uqqurmiut Center in Pangnirtation.
For nature lovers, the Auyuittung National Park is an absolute must. The Auyuittung National Park offers the best opportunities for hikers and climbers due to its mountains, glaciers and fjords.
The home of caribou and polar bears can be found in Ukkusiksalik National Park. The park is also Canada’s youngest national park.