It is very possible that if thinking about buy a 3D printer, one of the questions you can ask It is to what extent it’s a pileup that you are going to take advantage. After all it is a considerable investment so it runs out abandoned in a drawer after the first months.
Like when you have doubts of this type the first thing we usually do is ask someone who already has the device that we are interested, we’ve been talking with some of the people who already bought a 3D printer at the time. We asked them which has been your experience, what strengths and loose, and what the actual party that have managed you to get.
3D printers have been a few years between us, and from their shy beginnings We have seen how evolved to cover all kinds of applications, from the creation of works of art to the drugs. Can also be used for the bioimpresion or something less ambitious but equally useful, the creation of Add-ons like eyewear frames.
But what we know is beyond the thousand and one uses can have in a specialized or vocational field What a users can use them foot. For that we have spoken with Joan Carballo IOWA Dynamics study and editor at MomentoCarPi.com, or the computer engineer and crazy gadgets Marcos Perez Ferro.
We also have with Laura Palombi, a worker of an advertising agency in his free time is dedicated to the construction of scenery, Sergio Perez, Naval engineer who now works in a company of acoustics and vibration, and Antonio Delgado, editor of Geeknetic.es and great passion for technology.
Factors when choosing printer
Printed lamp by Antonio Delgado
Is it crazy to want to buy a 3D printer? Surely is the first doubt that can happen through your head if you are behind one, and precisely why the first thing that spoke to our guests is on when you bought your printers and what had in his head for them when they did.
More early bird was Joan Carballo buying it in October 2013, since by its many possibilities it had a cast eye since they started to appear such devices. “By the time they were having much hype the Google Glass so the first thing I did was print me a lie to appear at events geeks with them on”. He took the first steps making a course of erection and commissioning underway and began to print.
“The first thing I did was print me a Google Glass lie to appear in events geeks with them put”
The model chosen was one of the most successful that there has been so far, the Prusa i3 Hephestos BQ. And the reason the simplest in the world, was the model of printer that is included in the course of mounting and which was at that time, and it tells us that at the time it cost around 600 euros.
A photo published by Carballo (@carballo) 24 Apr, 2015 (s) 7:18 PDT
Marcos says for example that “the blame” that end with one his father had it to buy a BQ Prusa Hephestos i3. “Every time you invite me to your House I would start teeth it long”, tells us, so as soon as he saw that prices fell one ended up buying just over one year ago.
When choosing a model, Marcos also relied on the Prusa i3 due to its open philosophya. “this printer model relies on Open Hardware and Open Software”, explains. This detail is more important than it seems, since it means that it has a huge community that works every day to improve their software and hardware.
“Whenever I invited my father to his house I put teeth it long with your 3D printer.”
Sergio was more ambitious and not bought it, but to understand its operation he manufactured it year and a half ago. “I asked the electronics on the one hand, metal structure on the other”, tells us. The first printed was based on the Prusa Steel by its apparent rigidity and resistance, and ended her year and a half ago about.
“When I started to make the printer I opened the world of making prototypes, mobile bases, casings, etc.”, says when he talks about the reasons why it was purchased, although he also confesses that his first goal was the making the helmet of the Stormtroopers of Star Wars, which in the end got.
“My goal was to make the Stormtroopers of Star Wars helmet”.
On the other hand, Laura says that what struck him was its concept to do virtually what they would like to without having to modify materials. When I bought it a year ago believed that he would use it for large projects, “but the truth with the necessary planning and processing time is much more useful for small items”.
Stormtrooper helmets by Sergio Perez
I was a little afraid of spending a lot of money so that finally the printer that is purchased end in the attic at the first hurdle, by which chose the Prusa i3 for being the most reasonable in quality price.
And finally, Antonio tells us that always caught her attention automated machines to create things. “Had gone on reprap 3D printers for some time and had drawn much attention,” she says, and as Marcos, as soon as they started to become affordable dared to mount one in may 2014.
Again chosen was the Prusa i3 assembled from scratch. Their reasons were basically the same as those of the rest of the people that have spoken, a mixture of quality price and great possibilities of community support. “It’s a model rather compact, economical and with a huge development and community behind”.
The thousand and one possibilities of 3D printing
Antonio Delgado Pulpocabra
The big question was if all these colleagues with whom we spoke were using their 3D printer, and to our surprise and satisfaction is. The most common application is the design of parts, both to solve small problems every day to make their machines to manufacture other machines. Sergio in fact as well as creating another with his printer has done a laser recorder.
Laura has also created the piece that we see a little further up for example. “On Halloween, I needed to create a skeleton and the most economical solution to get a realistic skull was to print it,” explains, something that got after several failed parts and a few trials. “For the same event I printed a stand that served as a guide for the electronic components of a contraption called” at the door “in where it colocases it.
“On Halloween, I needed to create a skeleton and the most economical solution to get a realistic skull was to print it”
Marcos has also designed many pieces to solve problems of their daily lives. “Some of which that have lately designed to solve these problems are: a table for mobile phone support, a few wall brackets for a mirror (which stands were lost in moving) and several keys to open the boxes of light and water from my house”. Obviously, tells us that it has print other things, but are often more decorative than a real utility.
Laura Halloween printing
We also reviewed your printer It has proved useful to his hobby of the racing drones, “it allows to design pieces for the drone under your own specifications, with the advantage that you can print as many as you need virtually no cost.” In addition, it points out that there are many pieces designed by the community ready to print and use for this purpose.
At this point, Antonio possibly those who have talked about which has more experienced with your printer. Indeed, he confesses that it seems quite fun the creation of ‘useless’ figurines as a pulpocabra, a hybrid carrying time around sites such as Thingiverse. Although it also seems you useful to create other kinds of figures for Board games or fun or decorative elements.
A photo published by Carballo (@carballo) 9 Jan, 2014 (s) 1:16 PST
“At home had gone quite a while with a broken fridge handle, to be a quite old model, there was no spare parts”, tells us also speaking to us of one of the first “useful” things he did with your printer. “Taking steps at 10 minutes to design a similar model and print, There has been 2 years running”.
Also you has been for many other projects, create pieces for a drone to create a manual stabilizer for your GoPro, parts for the Catan or decorative elements. “You can also make concrete tools such as specific, Ratchet wrenches, or even a monkey wrench”, tells us later. “Here should take into account that we print on plastic, but for example the ratchet wrench with its set of adapters for nuts saved me some which again”.
“Can be concrete tools such as specific, Ratchet wrenches, or even a monkey wrench” printed Catán pieces by Antonio Delgado
Finally, Antonio also we talked about other more professional utilities like the creation of models with different materials, something to which his partner, who is an architect, has taken advantage. “I have many more examples, but we would be all day, in my profile of Thingiverse I’ve posted most of things that I have printed”, and how it could be otherwise is a mixture of useful things and others that are not so.
And we also have to Joan, who tells us that he has used it to do many useful things for your House as well as the printing of spare parts, other printers and small details such as mobile bases, several casings or accessories for video game consoles. “The most useful I’ve printed has undoubtedly been a holder for the transformer of the laptop that protects the cable”, explains at the end. “To my around I’ve seen change because several transformers because the cable breaks so many gironés and mine there is still like a champion”.
However, also He admits that lately not already used both the printer, and that at the beginning she spent up to 12 hours a day. “Now whenever I turn it on it breaks something or I have to adjust things by giving me more laziness”, explains. “I like to think that I have not abandoned but equal 100% in 2016 I printed one or none”.
Thingiverse, essential page in your Favorites
Basis for mobile of Marcos Perez
When have asked it our five colleagues if there was any page or reference application 3D printing for a unique name has left everyone’s lips: Thingiverse. Each has described it in his own way, but the unmistakable conclusion is that if ever you buy one of these machines, this website will end Yes or Yes in your Favorites.
She, Joan stands out its simplicity and the quality of their designs, While peers such as Marcos tell us that “is a repository of free 3D models maintained by MakerBot”. The key to success is in the community, as the level of designs is quite high. “They may be finding real wonders”, tells us.
But not only of Thingiverse lives the three-dimensional printer, and Laura added to other pages which always recurs is a similar call Instructables. But hAy other elements that are also important, and Antonio puts the photo about a type of program called as “fileteador” or “slicer” that generates the GCODE format used by printers from a 3D model in. STL.
Basis for Antonio Delgado GoPro
“I’ve tried several (CURA, Repetier Host with Slic3r, Simplify 3D, IdeaMaker, etc) with more or less options and ease of use”, us says. “Personally I’ll Simplify 3D being the most complete that they exist and by all print settings options to offer, although it is quite expensive; and also with cure, which is free and much more simple and intuitive, ideal to start in the world.”
And to what extent people is limited to download models or is bundled to create your own? Laura and Joan tell us that they always opt for downloads, it because it does not consider that it has neither the time nor the skills necessary to create the parts you need, while he tells us that how much ever amended any plane downloaded Google SketchUp or 123D Catch. Sergio also chooses at times by the modification using DesignSpark Mechanical.
Marcos and Antonio are therefore as the two designers of the House. “I usually search in repositories 3D to see if what I need”, says Marcos. “If I cannot find it, then I do. For designs using programs like OpenSCAD. “Let you design complex 3D models based on basic operations on simple as cubes or cylinders objects”.
“If I find what I need, then I do.”
The truth is that you for this, to get to each create their own pieces It is highly recommended to learn to design in 3D, or at least know the basics. For design, Antonio recommended the web Tinkercad.com to create pieces in 3D from a visual basic figures. It also uses other tools such as SketchUp, AutoCAD or the latest versions of Windows 10 3D Builder tool.
Is worth the expense?
Model of building, by Lucia
Two things are important when considering If the investment of buying a 3D printer was worth or not. The first is to know which is extra spending on supplies, material of creation, which calls for each model, and the second to know if it has taken full advantage of that was planned initially.
For the theme of consumables, in this case each one has a different opinion. “Not spending much because I don’t print much”, says Joan, who It is recommended to have as many colors as our pocket allows. “I’d like to have every thing from the color that best fits and at the end I have all of the same color by does not wait for the correct coil”.
Mark also says that printer is hardly suffering descastes, so their only spending to take into account are the rolls of plastic they are used on prints. “Although there are many different types of materials, the most widely used is the PLA and comes to cost about € 20 1 kg roll.” Sergio also says that those same coils are practically their only spending.
“Although there are many different types of materials, the most widely used is the PLA and comes to cost about € 20 1 kg roll”
Also explains that you one of the keys by which this type of machine does not consume as much as it would seem at first: the pieces are usually hollow. Still, consumption is always relative to the amount and size of the impersiones. In fact, consumption is so good that Laura confesses that she is often you spend before is his patience. “To print a skull I was printing 17 h each piece (counting with the printing goes well and the light will not be), and they were five”.
“The truth is that initially I expected one greater consumption”, says Antonio also. “It must take into account that the printed models are usually printed with a percentage of filling depending on the strength you are looking for, but spend 40-50% is not usual in the toughest.” Therefore, a kilo of material given to many prints, What makes in the long run it’s not as expensive as it seems.
Sergio Perez iPhone dock
Materials tells us that the PLA is the most common, and although it is somewhat less resistant than ABS, It is biodegradable, it comes from natural elements and it requires less temperature to melt. “In terms of quality, there is everything, I tried filaments supposedly”Premium”that then did not give such good results and generic”Chinese”filaments that have surprised me”.
Therefore, taking into account the price of the printer, consumption, and the use that can be given, the million-dollar question is extent to which deserves worth buying a. In this regard, all colleagues who have spoken with us ensures that Yes was worth to them, and that they have enjoyed learning and hacking. Most bought them as a hobby, and between that and the knowledge are paid.
“Same with a printer less squabbling and more reliable printed there would be more, but not know why each process and meet the people I’ve known”, says Joan, while Antonio us adds: “to”productive”level, beyond the pulpocabras and other pijadas, helped me to fix some thing and carry out projects that would be much harder without access to a 3D printer he has told us on the other hand”.
Tips from experience
Antonio Delgado 3D tools
To finish and thinking of those who are reading this article while you think to buy you one of these printers in 3D, have asked to each of our five participants that give you some final tips from experience for you to have in mind. In this case these tips we leave intact as they have written it.
- Joan Carballo: “Spend the euros and arm of patience. Right now there is a good printer for €150, there, or has an area of very small print or has a few components of quality joke, and neither of the two options is good. Patience comes by printing time and because very large that put it in the box is not “Plug and print”, there is a process and configurations that must be mastered by very usable which is the software that is included. The best advice is to wait 4 or 5 years to get one, when really it has simplified everything. In addition, the amount of materials and possibilities is growing, the more you wait any more things you can do with the new printer”.
- Marcos Perez: “3D printers can give you the ability to manufacture parts of all kinds without tools or specific materials. This is fantastic because it eliminates all limitations caused by materials and tools, but if you want to remain completely independent, also you lose the fear of 3D design and be able to design your own pieces. In case I contrary, you’ll be in a situation of dependency and you will have to wait until someone has the same need that your and design parts for you. It is as buy a canvas in white without knowing draw or want to try it”.
- Sergio Perez: “To start from scratch, to learn how it works, who is able to manufacture the printer and play until you get your goals”.
- Laura Palombi: “Think very good for what you want it to and visit someone who has one and use it. An investment is very cool but is an investment, and requires patience and commitment to learn how to handle it, update it and be up to date so that your pieces are increasingly better”.
- Antonio Delgado: “First of all leave something clear, is not the revolution that has tried to sell when they have begun to popularize, things we’ve all read as”the revolution of the domestic 3D printers”, or”In the future every household will have a 3D printer”.” None of that, they are devices that create parts in plastic and it should be aware at all times of that and of the limitations inherent in today. If you’re a lover of “fiddling”, like and stuff with things or new projects, 3D printers are a world very entertaining and full of possibilities. I would recommend starting with a model type Prusa i3 or variant Prusa Steel by the large amount of available resources. There are kits in Spanish stores with all the parts needed for very attractive prices (about 300 Euros), and on Chinese websites it is even cheaper (although it should be eye with the quality of components). The models already pre-assembled as the Up 3D, ultimaker, witbox or makerbot have much higher prices and would be more focused on environments profesoniales or semi-pro where simply looking for Plug and print mock-ups, prototypes, etc.”.